house of representatives vs senate
The house of the representative is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the United States Congress. The core difference between house of representatives and senate is that the house has a qualification of 25 years at the time of election and the individual need to have lived in the country for 7 years while the senate has to be 30 years at the time of election and have lived in the country for 9 years. However, as district borders were never defined definitively, they can and often do stretch into peculiar shapes due to a practice known as gerrymandering. The history of the Senate goes back to 1787, when William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention proposed the New Jersey plan, which constituted the structure of the United States Government. He came up with the idea of a bicameral legislature and the House as the Lower House represented the people as far as all American Constitution issues were concerned. A senator has to be a minimum of 30 years old. A senator can waive the privilege at any time, but a member of the House has to submit his or her petition to a general vote. The United States Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government and consists of two houses: the lower house known as the House of Representatives and the upper house known as the Senate. Also, the senators investigate the impeachment process brought before them from the house of Representatives. The compromise was between the Virginia plan (small state) and the New Jersey proposal (large state), two competing ideas on whether each state should get equal representation in the federal government or whether representation should be based on population. Legislation needs to be enacted after being accepted by both the house and the senate. The house has about 435 voting seats and it tends to respond to the needs of people faster. Any proposal to raise taxes must come from the House, with Senate review and approval. In The House of Representatives, on the other hand, there are structured rules on what members can talk about, and how long they can talk, because there are many more members in the House, and things have to proceed more quickly in order to be done at all. 6) As far as economy-connected decisions are concerned, all revenue bills, or any bills that deal with money must originate in the House of Representatives. The main difference between House of Representatives and Senate is that the members of House of Representatives are selected for the period of two years while the tenure of the members of Sensate is six years. If you read this far, you should follow us: "House of Representatives vs Senate." (Some committees exist in both chambers, such as Budget, Armed Services, and Veterans Affairs.) On the other hand, in order to gain the majority in the Senate, it takes several election cycles. Senators are elected for a six-year term, but House representatives only have two-year terms before they need to seek reelection. Lower house. One of the consequences of this arrangement is that the Senate has more flexibility in their rules. Congress has the power to subpoena any citizen. Republicans currently control the Senate (54 to 44 Democrats) and the House (246 to 188). Every member of the House is up for election or reelection every two years, but the Senate has a staggered system wherein only one-third of the Senators are up for election or reelection every two years. Federal and Supreme Court rulings have overturned gerrymandering efforts that have been perceived to be based on race, but otherwise some districts have been reconfigured to give one or another party an extreme political advantage, thus allowing that party to secure more power in the state and in the House of Representatives. The house of representative and senate are the two main legislative bodies of the United States Congress. A citizen has to be a minimum of 25 years old in order to become a House member. In the beginning, the House of Representatives was the only body in the Congress that was elected. Responds to the needs of the people faster since representatives only have a two year term. The six year term means the Senate can be slower and consider the long-term effects of laws. This article in The New Yorker dissects it well: Per the Connecticut Compromise at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787, the United States adopted the bicameral system of the English Parliament (i.e., House of Lords and House of Commons). Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. The United States Senate is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the United States Congress. 7) The U.S. President can nominate people to office, but they gain it only with the subsequent approval of the majority of the Senate. Democratic (235), Republican (199), 1 vacant seat, Republican (53), Democratic (45), Independent (2). The United States Congress is what is known as a “bicameral institution,” meaning there are two houses, namely the Senate and the House of Representatives, that comprise it. The two legislative bodies play a vital role in congress. The period of membership is 2 years. Both the House and Senate have standing, special, conference, and joint committees. Committees also have subcommittees, which are formed to focus more closely on certain issues. The respond of the house is faster while that of the senate is quite slow, The qualification of the house needs an individual to be 25 years at the time of election and have lived in the country for 7 years whereas that of the senate is 30 at the time of election and have lived in the country for 9 years, The role of the house is to initiate revenue base legislation while the senate is to approve foreign treaties, cabinet and judicial nominations. It was also decided that all classes would be eligible to become senators, subject to age and residency restrictions. The Senate is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the United States Congress. Upper house. The House of Representatives, on the other hand, has no role in nominating candidates whatsoever. To be eligible as a representative, a person needs to be at least 25 years old at the time of the election and have lived continuously in the U.S. for at least 7 years. Noncompliance with a congressional subpoena can carry up to a one-year jail sentence. This has resulted in sometimes comically absurd efforts on the part of senators. Each state of the United State has two senators regardless of their population. The words "Congress" and "House" are sometimes used colloquially to refer to the House of Representatives. 1) The Senate with its 100 members is smaller, compared to the House of Representatives, which has 435 members. Difference between the Congress and the Senate, Difference between a Senator and a Representative, Difference between Congress and Parliament, Difference between Federalists and Democratic Republicans, A senator has to be a minimum of 30 years old; must have lived in the U.S. 9 years; is elected for 6 years, A House member has to be a minimum of 25 years old; must have lived in the U.S. 7 years; is elected for 2 years, An individual member of the Senate can change the course of events even while in minority, The majority controls everything; an individual member cannot change the course of events, while in minority, A party cannot win the majority in one election cycle, A party can win the majority in one election cycle, Doesn’t have power to make decisions regarding the economy, Doesn’t have power to ratify international treaties, Difference between the Senate and the House of Representatives. Copying is allowed with active link to It is frequently referred to as the House. If a simple majority approves, the privilege can be waived. While there are 100 seats in the Senate (two senators from each state), there are 435 seats in the House of Representatives (one representative from each of the various congressional districts, with the number of congressional districts in each state determined by the population). The case is heard in a judicial forum, and punishment (a sentence) for those found guilty of "contempt of Congress" is handled strictly by the judicial system.


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