mighty aphrodite greek mythology
The earliest versions of her name were likely Near Eastern—Assyrian or Phoenician, perhaps—as Aphrodite was clearly the Greek version of the Phoenician goddess Astarte and the Assyrian goddess Ishtar.1. Aphrodite’s grief became a focal point of the Adonia, a cultic celebration held in honor of Aphrodite and Adonis that was reserved for women alone. The ancient goddess' name was also been appropriated by a beauty company called Aphrodite Skin Care. She is regularly attended by few of her children, the Erotes, who are capable of stirring up passion in both mortals and gods at the goddess’ will. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She was known primarily as a goddess of love and fertility and occasionally presided over marriage. She intervened to rescue Paris after he had challenged the mighty king Menelaus to hand-to-hand combat, and later returned to save her son Aeneas from the great warrior Diomedes. Hermes didn’t have many consorts, but he did have Aphrodite at least once, as the very name of their offspring, Hermaphrodites, suggests. The bull scared the horses and Hippolytus smashed into the cliffs, becoming mortally wounded in the process. As an ever-growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world’s mythology on the web for all to enjoy. According to the former, Aphrodite was the daughter of Zeus and the Titaness Diona, thus making her a second-generation goddess, much like the most Olympians. The company's products bore the subtitle “The Secret of Natural Beauty” and boasted of being made from “Cretan Organic Olive Oil.”. And she didn’t give up on Ares either! So, she started an affair with someone as destructive and as violent as herself: When she wasn’t busy making other people fall in love, Once, she took a baby boy she had found beside a myrrh tree to the Underworld and asked, at the beginning of “On the Nature of Things.” Compare this to the longest of the three Homeric Hymns dedicated to, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App, Dolphin, Rose, Scallop Shell, Myrtle, Dove, Sparrow, Girdle, Mirror, and Swan. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Aphrodite-Greek-mythology, Aphrodite - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Aphrodite - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Nevertheless, the contrasting stories surrounding Aphrodite's origins created some confusion among the ancient Greeks, a situation that Plato attempted to solve in his dialogue, the Symposium. The events leading up to the Trojan War began with a petty disagreement among Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite over who was the most beautiful. According to Plato, Aphrodite Pandemos stood for the “lower” or “common” sort of sexual love between a male and female. Aphrodite was also an important character in the Rick Riordan book series Percy Jackson & the Olympians, which was later adapted for film, stage, and television. It was Aphrodite, however, who offered Paris the most beautiful mortal woman alive. In ancient times, Greeks believed the name “Aphrodite” to derive from the Greek word aphrós, meaning “sea-foam,” a reference to her supposed origins. If Apollo represented the ideal of the perfect male body to the Greeks, Aphrodite was certainly his most appropriate female counterpart. Aphrodite ruled over the Love, the Beauty and the Procreation. In these stories, Anchises was led to believe that Aphrodite was a virgin; subsequently, he became overwhelmed with the desire to sleep with her. Aphrodite's symbols were the Dolphin, the Rose, the Scallop Shell, the Myrtle, the Dove, the Sparrow, the Girdle, the Mirror and the and Swan. Even though married to Hephaestus, she had affairs with all Olympians except Zeus and Hades, most famously with Ares, the god of war. In one tale, she appeared as a beautiful mortal and seduced Anchises, a lonely shepherd from the foothills of Mount Ida, near the legendary city of Troy. Aphrodite is the Olympian goddess of love, beauty, sexual pleasure, and fertility. Theogony. In Book VIII of the Odyssey, Aphrodite was mismatched with Hephaestus, the lame smith god, and she consequently spent her time philandering with the handsome god of war, Ares (by whom she became the mother of Harmonia, the warrior twins Phobos and Deimos, and Eros, the god of love). However, she was known primarily as a goddess of love and fertility and even occasionally presided over marriage. In Euripides’ fifth-century tragedy, Hippolytus, Aphrodite’s jealousy was once again on full display. Poseidon obliged, sending a wild bull to attack Hippolytus as he was riding his chariot along a rocky shoreline. Refusing the advances of their malodorous wives, the husbands of Lemnos instead opted to have sex with slaves. Aphrodite's consorts were Hephaestus, Ares, Poseidon, Hermes, Dionysus, Adonis and Anchises. “Aphrodite.” Mythopedia. So, he asked to have Adonis – for that was the boy’s name – back. This long chain events was a direct result of Aphrodite's jealousy. The other version of Aphrodite's origins, told by Homer, presented Aphrodite as the child of Zeus and Dione, a mysterious figure who may have been a Titan or an Oceanid. Hippolytus, the eponymous hero of the play, was devoted to the worship of the virgin goddess, Artemis, and as a faithful acolyte refused to partake in sexual activities. Poor Hephaestus! Indeed, she's been a very beautif, enough to grace my flower garden year after year. On the Greek mainland, Corinth was the chief centre of her worship. In the television series Hercules: The Legendary Journeys and Xena: Warrior Princess, Aphrodite was a gossipy, love-obsessed character played by Alexandra Tydings, who performed the role in anachronistic pink lingerie. Greek sculptors of the 5th century BCE were the first to endow her with unique features. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Representations of Aphrodite in early Greek art are fully dressed and without distinguishing features that differentiate her from other goddesses. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Paris chose this latter gift, which happened to be Helen, wife of King Menelaus of Sparta. Anchises wasn’t able to, so he was struck by Zeus’ thunderbolt which blinded him. Aphrodite. Finally, Aphrodite is a constant companion of Aeneas in Virgil’s “Aeneid.”, See Also: Zeus, Dione, Cronus, Hephaestus, Aris. The first, told by Hesiod in the Theogony, placed the creation of Aphrodite at the beginning of mythic time, when the Titan Cronus, son of Uranus, rose against his father. Corrections? She is regularly attended by few of her children, the Erotes, who are capable of stirring up passion in both mortals and gods at the goddess’ will. The first full-scale female nude, it later became the model for such Hellenistic masterpieces as the Venus de Milo (2nd century bce). Her epithets Urania (Heavenly Dweller) and Pandemos (Of All the People) were ironically taken by the philosopher Plato (in the Symposium) to refer to intellectual and common love; rather, the title Urania was honorific and applied to certain Asian deities, while Pandemos referred to her standing within the city-state. Aphrodite is the Greek God of love and beauty. Aphrodite had 14 children: Eros, Phobos, Deimos, Harmonia, Pothos, Anteros, Himeros, Hermaphroditus, Rhodos, Eryx, Peitho, The Graces, Priapus and Aeneas. And so soon as he had cut off the members with flint and cast them from the land into the surging sea, they were swept away over the main a long time: and a white foam spread around them from the immortal flesh, and in it there grew a maiden. Learn more. “Aphrodite.” Mythopedia, https://mythopedia.com/greek-mythology/gods/aphrodite/. https://www.etymonline.com/word/aphrodite. said she, "where did Praxiteles see me naked? The goddess of love emerged from the waters on a scallop shell, fully-grown, nude, and more beautiful than anything anyone had ever seen before or since. ↩. Aphrodite is the Olympian goddess of love, beauty, sexual pleasure, and fertility. Her close association with Eros, the Graces (Charites), and the Horae (Seasons) emphasized her role as a promoter of fertility. From her relationship with the mortal Anchises, she became the mother of Aeneas, a mythical hero of Troy and Rome. In fulfillment of her promise, Aphrodite had Helen abducted and brought to Troy; it was this act that ultimately sparked the conflict. Accessed . Plato says that when Aphrodite saw the sculpture, "Alas!" Aphrodite similarly seduced Adonis, the handsome mortal, whom she discovered as a baby and fell in love with as a man. Accessed on . The famous painter Apelles was so overwhelmed by the exquisite sight that he drew the most famous (now lost) painting of the Ancient World: “, Homer and Hesiod tell two different stories about the origin of. Theseus, Hippolytus’ father, promised vengeance for this imagined act, and asked Poseidon to help him murder Hippolytus. Thomas Apel, “Aphrodite,” Mythopedia, accessed , https://mythopedia.com/greek-mythology/gods/aphrodite/. In this famous dinner-party conversation, Plato, speaking through the character of Pausanias, suggested that Aphrodite Ouranos (“heavenly Aphrodite”) and Aphrodite Pandemos (“common Aphrodite,” or “Aphrodite of the people”), the most popular epithets for the goddess, were in fact separate deities merged together in the collective consciousness of the Greeks. Seeing that the island's population was in danger, the sailors consented to have sex with the smelly women. Aphrodite was the motherless daughter of the primordial god Uranus, as she was created from his severed genitals. With Hermes, Aphrodite had Hermaphroditos (a name formed from “Hermes” and “Aphrodite,”) who possessed both male and female genitalia (a sign of Aphrodite’s duality). Among her symbols were the dove, pomegranate, swan, and myrtle. Aphrodite was compelled by Zeus to marry Hephaestus, the god of fire. Retrieved from https://mythopedia.com/greek-mythology/gods/aphrodite/. The island was thus saved from demographic collapse, and its women learned a valuable lesson about Aphrodite. Taking this as a personal affront, Aphrodite promised revenge. Her gods and men call Aphrodite.2. Aphrodite’s main centres of worship were at Paphos and Amathus on Cyprus and on the island of Cythera, a Minoan colony, where in prehistoric times her cult probably originated. This sends When he did so, Phaedra fell into a deep depression and committed suicide, leaving a note that accused Hippolytus of trying to rape her. In early Greek art, representations of Aphrodite are fully dressed and without features that differentiate her from other goddesses. Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of sexual love and beauty, identified with Venus by the Romans. And he wasn’t able to see his son, Aeneas, found the mighty Roman Empire. However, Hesiod retells the much more famous myth. According to him, Aphrodite was born when Uranus’ genitals fell into the sea after he was castrated by his son Cronus. Eventually, Adonis was murdered by a boar sent by the virgin goddess Artemis in revenge for Aphrodite’s mistreatment of Hippolytus, the virgin son of Theseus.


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